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Understanding the Distinctions Between Military Parades, Inspections, and Marches


In light of the upcoming 70th anniversary of the August Revolution and National Day on September 2nd, the preparations for military parades and marches taking place at Ba Dinh Square have garnered significant attention from the public. Many readers have reached out to Người Đưa Tin online newspaper with questions about the differences between military parades and inspections. They want to know if there are any variations in scale between the two and when each of these events is organized.

Expert Insights From Lieutenant General Pham Xuan The

To address these inquiries, Người Đưa Tin consulted with Lieutenant General Pham Xuan The, former Commander of Military Zone I. He provided an explanation, citing the Vietnamese Dictionary published by the Linguistics Institute.

According to Lieutenant General The, an inspection is a symbolic examination of an armed forces unit gathered to showcase the military’s strength during a solemn ceremony. On the other hand, a military parade involves armed forces marching in an orderly fashion past a podium or along the streets to demonstrate their power. Finally, marches consist of a procession of people walking in formation past a podium or along the streets to display their strength.

Lieutenant General The emphasized that inspections, military parades, and marches are significant ceremonial rituals held to commemorate important events. While a nation may organize either a military parade or a march, it is also possible to have both events during the same occasion. In such cases, the armed forces would first conduct the inspection at Ba Dinh Square in the presence of high-ranking leaders from the Party and the State, as well as the Ministry of National Defense. Subsequently, the military parade and march would proceed along various routes to showcase the military’s strength.

Due to their grandiose nature and widespread public interest, these events hold great significance.

Roles of Different Forces in Military Parades and Marches

Lieutenant General The explained that in Vietnam, military parades and marches involve various armed forces, including the military, police, self-defense forces, and civilian groups such as workers, farmers, and intellectuals. During such events, the military and the self-defense forces typically march ahead, followed by civilian groups.

In military parades, the focus is primarily on individual soldiers equipped with personal weapons and equipment. The main purpose is to showcase the strength of the collective forces.

On the other hand, inspections usually involve a wide range of military units from different branches. They aim to highlight the military’s strength and national defense capabilities.

In addition to personal weapons and equipment, military parades often feature the inclusion of armored vehicles, tanks, artillery, aircraft, and other equipment specific to various branches of the military.

It is worth noting that in many countries, military parades are not only held to commemorate victories but also to display military power.

For example, during Russia’s 70th Victory Day Parade, the Minister of Defense inspected each military branch to greet and review all participating troops in the parade.


The upcoming celebrations marking the 70th anniversary of the August Revolution and National Day in Vietnam will feature solemn military parades and marches at Ba Dinh Square. Approximately 30,000 individuals from various military and civilian forces will participate in the parade and march. The theme of the event is “Harnessing the National Strength, Determinedly Building and Defending Vietnam’s Socialist State.”

After passing through Ba Dinh Square, the parade and march will continue along two routes: Nguyen Thai Hoc – Kim Ma – Lieu Giai and Nguyen Thai Hoc – Hang Khay – Trang Tien – Hanoi Opera House. Spectators can line the streets along these routes to witness the procession.

To enable more people to follow the events, large screens will be set up along the routes. Furthermore, a special concert titled “Vietnam – The Age of Ho Chi Minh” will take place at the National Convention Center in My Dinh on the evening of September 2nd.

At 9 p.m., fireworks will light up the sky at five locations in Hanoi, including Hoan Kiem Lake, Thong Nhat Park, Van Quan Lake, My Dinh National Stadium, and West Lake.

These events hold immense historical and national significance, symbolizing the struggle for independence and the formation of the democratic republic of Vietnam.

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By Cao Tuân

Kiến Thức Y Khoa

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