Phòng trừ tổng hợp dịch hại cây trồng được hiểu là? – Luật Hoàng Phi

Understanding the Concept of Integrated Pest Management for Crop Protection

One might wonder, what exactly does it mean to protect plants from pest infestation? Is it using a combination of reasonable preventive measures? Or is it about improving the soil and ensuring proper timing for planting? Maybe it involves regular application of plant protection chemicals? Or could it be selecting healthy and robust plant varieties? Let’s find out.

The correct answer is A. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) refers to the use of a combination of reasonable preventive measures to protect plants from pests. It involves utilizing a balanced mix of pest control methods to maximize their advantages and overcome their limitations.

Explaining the Reasoning Behind Choosing Answer A:

Plants grown for agricultural purposes are domesticated or selectively bred. They occupy a small proportion of the total number of plant species on Earth. Every year, or at the appropriate season, these plants are harvested and used as food, forage, and various other economic purposes. The cultivation of these plants is an essential part of agriculture.

  • Many plant species are used for industrial purposes. They are cultivated and harvested for profit or used as food for humans and animals. Locations with abundant plant growth are ideal for such crops.

  • Crop rows: Many crops are grown in orderly rows, known as crop rows. In the past, tractors could not efficiently harvest plants without damaging them. The first tractor designed to harvest crops was known as a crop row tractor.

  • The basic principles of integrated pest management for crop protection include:

    • Growing healthy plants and conserving natural enemies.
    • Timely detection and control of pests. By becoming experts, farmers can acquire knowledge that can be applied practically and shared with others.

The primary measures for integrated pest management are as follows:

  • Technical measures: These are the most important preventive measures. They include plowing, destruction of crop residues, irrigation, and crop rotation.

  • Advantages: They are simple and easy to implement.

  • Disadvantages: They are not immediately effective and can struggle to control outbreaks when pests and diseases have already become prevalent.

  • Specific measures and their effects are as follows:

    • Plowing: It helps eliminate pests in the soil.
    • Field hygiene: It destroys hiding places for pests.
    • Irrigation and proper fertilizing: It promotes plant growth and enhances resistance to pests and diseases.
    • Crop rotation: It prevents pests and diseases from establishing themselves within a single plant species.
    • Regular field inspections: They help in timely pest detection.

In conclusion, we have answered the question “What does it mean to protect plants from pest infestation?” and provided a detailed explanation of integrated pest management and its practical application. We hope that the content of this article will be helpful to our valued readers.


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