Điều kiện tự nhiên
Thị trấn Vân Đình, located in Ứng Hòa district, is a bustling economic, political, and cultural center, spanning an area of 5.38 square kilometers. To the east, it borders Phương Tú commune; to the south, it borders Vạn Thái and Phùng Xá communes in Mỹ Đức district; and to the north, it borders Liên Bạt commune. With a population of 13,131 people (as of 2012), the town is divided into five districts: Lê Lợi, Quang Trung, Hoàng Văn Thụ, Nguyễn Thượng Hiền, Trần Đăng Ninh, and four hamlets: Hoàng Xá, Thanh Ấm, Vân Đình, and Ngọ Xá.
Vân Đình town benefits from its favorable transportation location, with easy access to both road and waterways. The town is situated along National Highway 21B, connecting Vân Đình to the center of Hanoi and other districts such as Thanh Oai and Mỹ Đức, and further on to Hà Nam and Hòa Bình. To the north and south of the town are roads 428 and 429A, linking National Highway 21B with National Highway 1A. To the west lies the Đáy River, which flows into the Hồng River and eventually reaches the sea. Therefore, Vân Đình town has advantageous conditions for economic and cultural exchange with other regions, as well as strategic significance in terms of politics and military.
Lịch sử hình thành
Vân Đình town is an ancient land with a long history. The names “Kẻ Đình” and “Vân Đình” themselves indicate its historical significance. According to cultural books and genealogical records, during the Đinh dynasty, the “Kẻ Đình” area was already a densely populated settlement. Due to its association with King Đinh’s campaign against the Twelve Warlords, it was initially named “Kẻ Đinh.”
Before the August Revolution in 1945, the area that now comprises Vân Đình town was part of three communes: Hoàng Xá, Vân Đình, and Thanh Ấm, within Phương Đình district, Ứng Hòa province. After the August Revolution, through multiple divisions and mergers, Vân Đình town was officially established in 1957, including Vân Đình village, Vân Đình market, and Vân Đình street. On September 23, 2003, the Government issued a decree adjusting the administrative boundaries, expanding Vân Đình town. This important event marked a new era for the town. The entire Tân Phương commune, Hoàng Xá hamlet, a part of Đình Tràng hamlet in Liên Bạt commune, a part of Phương Tú commune, and a part of Thái Bình hamlet in Vạn Thái commune were merged into Vân Đình town, creating a new landscape for the town.
Truyền thống văn hóa
Vân Đình is not only a land of history but also a land of culture with many cherished traditions developed over time.
As a land of talented individuals, Vân Đình has produced many scholars and knowledgeable figures. Among them, Dương Khuê and Dương Lâm are the most famous. Dương Khuê, also known as Vân Trì (1839 – 1902), a scholar who achieved the title of Doctor, served as a high-ranking official and was a friend of Nguyễn Khuyến. He was renowned for his skill in poetry and Nôm script. Dương Lâm, also known as Quất Tẩu (1851 – 1920), was the younger brother of Dương Khuê. He earned a scholarship, became a high-ranking official, and was also a famous poet. Additionally, Nguyễn Thiệu Tường (1893 – 1958), who achieved his Doctoral degree in 1919 (Year of the Goat), held positions such as the prefect of Đồng Xuân (Quảng Nam), governor of Hưng Yên, and governor of Hải Dương.
The people of Vân Đình have always had a strong sense of patriotism and national awareness. During the Đinh dynasty, when Vân Đình was a densely populated area, the people of Vân Đình supported the Đinh Bộ Lĩnh liberation forces in suppressing the Twelve Warlords. Their contribution helped establish the nation of Đại Cồ Việt in the 10th century, marking an important milestone in the history of the Vietnamese people. In Vân Đình village, there are three shrines: Thượng, Nhì, and Ba, where the three brothers who contributed to the liberation movement are worshipped. In Thanh Ấm, the Lục Sĩ Tavern worships General Minh Phúc, a military leader who fought for Đinh Bộ Lĩnh.
The people of Vân Đình are also known for their talent and craftsmanship. The temples and taverns in Vân Đình and Thanh Ấm have been built since ancient times, showcasing distinctive artistic characteristics and recognized as historical and cultural architectural works. Vân Đình village had a pottery industry dating back to the reign of Emperor Lê Thánh Tông (1460 – 1497), although it no longer exists today, the walls surrounding the village still bear the marks of this ancient craft. Many of the village walls were constructed using pottery pieces salvaged from clay pots, tile fragments, and pieces of coal, creating a unique and distinctive beauty. Hoàng Xá village is also famous for its horse trading industry, with some individuals even being sent to France to make lanterns for colonial fairs in Paris. Vân Đình is also renowned for its specialty dishes such as Vân Đình grass duck, Vân Đình dog meat, and Giò Chả.
These traditions form an important foundation for the people of Vân Đình as they enter an era of integration, embracing new and modern values to further enrich their homeland.